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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1539\margr5150\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2500\margrsxn5186\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw3665\colsr644\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 CONQUESTS : FOREIGN RELATIONS}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 245}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1539\margrsxn5150\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li796\fi0\ri0\sb216\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 India.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li796\fi-443\ri36\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 (w) Prarjunas : Their seat of power was either Narsingpur or Narsingarh in C.P.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li248\fi72\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 (vft) \i0 Sanakanikas :   They were near Bhilsa.   A Sana-\expndtw1 kanlka feudatory of Candragupta II is mentioned \expndtw5 in an Uclayagiri inscription (Fleet's no. 3). \i\expndtw1 (vui) \i0 Kakas :   They were the neighbours of the Sana\-\expndtw-1 kanikas.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li785\fi-457\ri22\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw12\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 (ix) \i0 Kharaparikas: Perhaps they occupied the \expndtw5 Damoh district, C.P., and were identical with \expndtw1 the Kharparas of the Batihagarh inscription,\super 2\nosupersub  as \expndtw4 pointed out by Dr. D. R. Bhandarkar.\super 3}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li22\fi0\ri0\sb140\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex81\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Degrees of conquests}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li11\fi454\ri25\sb148\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The foregoing account shows that Samudragupta's \expndtw5 conquests were of varying degrees. He forcibly ex\-\expndtw4 tirpated certain kings, and annexed their dominions; others were vanquished, taken prisoners, and set free \expndtw0 after an acknowledgement of suzerainty; and, lastly, the \expndtw-1 frontier monarch s and the tribes, being impressed by his \expndtw2 victories, paid him homage of their own accord.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li18\fi0\ri0\sb140\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex85\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Relations with foreign powers}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi454\ri11\sb169\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw12\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Thus, \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0  Samudragupta made himself master of \expndtw0 an extensive empire, but beyond the sphere of his direct \expndtw9 authority were the foreign potentates, who were no \expndtw5 less anxious to be on good terms with him. We learn \expndtw-3 from a Chinese source\super 4\nosupersub  that his Ceylonese contemporary, \expndtw2 Meghavanna or Meghavarna (352-79 A.D.), sent two \expndtw8 monks to Bodhgaya on a religious mission. Meeting}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi371\ri0\sb245\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx493 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub Some, however, locate the Abhlras in  Saurastra and  Guja\-\line \expndtw3 rat, as they are often referred to in Ksatrapa inscriptions.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li371\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx493 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i Ep. Ind.y \i0 XII, pp. 46, 47, v. 5.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li382\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 8\nosupersub  \i Ind. Hist. Quart., \i0 I, (1925), p. 258.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li25\fi378\ri18\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 4\nosupersub  Sylvain Levi, \i Journal Asiatiqtte,  \i0 1900,  pp. 406, 411; V.A. \expndtw0 Smith, \i Ind. Ant., \i0 1902, pp. 192-97.}\par }